Answer the following question using the below reference and 2 others in AMA format.
Rodwell VW, Bender D, Botham KM, Kennelly PJ, P. Anthony Weil. Harperâ€™s Illustrated Biochemistry Thirty-First Edition. McGraw Hill Professional; 2018.
Approximately 20 million people suffer with gall stones in the US, with 300,000 cholecystectomies, or gall bladder removal surgeries, performed each year. Gall stones are the product of high levels of cholesterol within the gall bladder, in combination with bacterially-created, insoluble precipitate from bilirubin breakdown. When cholecystectomy is performed, bile acid emission into the upper intestine is forever altered, as is cholesterol sequestration and lipid metabolism. Please explain the known effects of this surgery on these pathways 2 days post surgery. In the years after the surgery is performed, several chronic adaptations to gall bladder removal can evolve. Explain the etiology of post-cholecystectomy syndrome. What current treatments exist, if any, for this syndrome?