ASSIGNMENT: Biomimicry is design innovation inspired by nature. For this thread, you will select an example from this website https://www.thinglink.com/scene/754107237038817280 discuss how biology has inspired design of products. Be sure to address the following questions:

  • What is the scientific and common name of the organism in which the design originates?
  • Describe in a paragraph the organism. Where does it live? What is its life cycle?
  • Describe the adaptation that inspired the design. What does it do for the organism?
  • Describe the product that was developed based on the adaptation. Do you find it to be useful?
  • What other applications can you see from this?

STUDENT 1:

Bees and a Smart Grid

  • What is the scientific and common name of the organism in which the design originates?

The scientific name of the organism in which this development came from is Anthophila, and the common name is Bees.

  • Describe in a paragraph the organism. Where does it live? What is its life cycle?

Honey bees are all over the world, but they were originated in eastern Africa and spread to Northern Europe and eastwards into Asia. The habitat of the bees is mostly in gardens, meadows, orchard, woodland and other areas where there are bright colored flowers. The life cycle of bees started from an egg, larva, pupa to an adult bee. Per reference.com, “Queen bees live an average of three years, and drones live until they mate or for 90 days” (reference.com).

  • Describe the adoption that inspired the design. What does it do for the organism?

The adoptions that were inspired by the bees were the humming sound and swarmed intelligence which helps develop “Swarm Logic.” As in any single bee hive when studied by a particular person, one notice that there are several different worker bees. Per swarm logic software the idea is “base of each single node that makes a decision based on the action of the group” (gigaom.com).

  • Describe the product that was developed based on the adoption. Do you find it to be useful?

Base on the description, swarm logic is a software that is used to control lighting and HVAC units. It also uses smart intelligence to communicate with the utility company and manage smart car that connected to the powered grid while they charged. This can help to cut cost in commercial buildings and homes. I found this information useful; It may aid with the support of saving the ecosystem by going green.

  • What other applications can you see from this?

I for one understand that this company is at large whit its creation and looking toward connecting with parts the United States of America. Heating and cooling are big business in the U.S and C.A, and if they merge, they will make a great team for “Swarm Logic.”

References

Fehrenbacher, K. (2011, September 12). Swarm logic smart grid startup raises $5.5M. Retrieved March 20, 2017, from https://gigaom.com/2011/09/12/swarm-logic-smart-gr…

How long do bees live? (n.d.). Retrieved March 20, 2017, from https://www.reference.com/pets-animals/long-bees-l…

STUDENT 2:

Jellyfish Prototype “Cyro”

What is the scientific and common name of the organism in which the design originates?

Cyanea capillata commonly known as Lion’s Mane Jellyfish.

Where does it live? What is its life cycle?

Lion’s Mane Jellyfish can be found in the cooler regions of the Atlantic, Pacific oceans and North and Baltic Seas. Especially prevalent near the east coast of Britain. The medusa form of Cyanea capillata reproduces sexually and has separate sexes. The testes and ovaries occur on the floor of the pouches in the gastric cavity. The sperms of a male jellyfish are released through the mouth for fertilization. The eggs are fertilized by the sperm. After fertilization, the eggs are contained in the oral tentacles until the planula larvae is developed. This is a unique sexual characteristic of the Cyanea capillata. The planula larvae once fully grown, detaches from the medusa and settles as polyps. Once settled on the substrate, they are known as scyphopolyps. During this stage of the life cycle, they reproduce asexually by strobilation. This creates small disks that eventually break off and become ephyra which then grow into the adult medusa (Bio web, n.d.). The organism life cycle is generally abundant between April and May. The life span of a Cyanea capillata is typically 1 year.

Describe the adaptation that inspired the design. What does it do for the organism?

Lion’s Mane Jellyfish are known for continual swim and for covering great distances with the aid of marine currents additionally, their ability to consume little energy due to a lower metabolic rate than another marine species. They also inhabit every major oceanic area of the world and can withstand a wide range of temperatures in both fresh and salt waters. Jellyfish appear in wide variety of sizes, shapes and colors, allowing engineers to experiment with several designs.

Describe the product that was developed based on the adaptation. Do you find it to be useful?

Cyro is a 5 foot 7 inches in length and weighing 170 pounds’ prototype robot developed by Virginia Tech doctorate students and funded by the United States Naval Undersea Warfare Center and the Office of Naval Research. Per Alex Villanueva (Virginia Tech) the goal is to place self-powering, autonomous machines in waters for the purposes of military surveillance, monitoring the environment, studying aquatic life, mapping ocean floors, and monitoring ocean currents. Cyro is a larger model of a robotic jellyfish that is powered by rechargeable batteries. Lion’s Mane capabilities of swimming performance and on low power consumption enable scientist to place the robot into the waters for longer periods of time. The prototype can maneuver in water by a rigid support structure with direct current electric motors which control the mechanical arms (eight) that are used in conjunction with an artificial mesoglea, or jelly-based pulp of the fish’s body (made by silicon), creating hydrodynamic movement.

What other applications can you see from this?

I can foresee future development of new and improved prototypes. Perhaps larger ones used in warfare, in bioremediation (cleaning oil spills, mitigating invasive species in the oceans). It can also provide data about aquatic ecosystems and biomes.

References

Cyanea capillata, The Lion’s Mane Jellyfish. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2017, from http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2013/gyorfi_mich/reproduction.htm

Lifecycle/Reproduction. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2017, from http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2007/shull_step/lifecyclerepro.htm

Naylor, B. (n.d.). Cyanea capillata (Lion’s mane). Retrieved March 21, 2017, from http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Cyanea_capillata/

Virginia Tech researchers unveil large robotic jellyfish that one day could patrol oceans. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2017, from http://www.vtnews.vt.edu/articles/2013/04/040313-engineering-robotjellyfishcyro.html

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