Gift-giving is an act of kindness and a friendship based on mutual respects between two parties or more (Schultz, 2010, p.163).  It is a way of showing friendship and bonds of affection and respect in gestures.  Giving and receiving a gift is important in many cultural norms.  Some cultures may be offended if giving gifts are unaccepted.  The cultural practice in the United States is different from India. In India, their culture shows a way to form social relations and “welcome” bonds. Gift giving is a sign of friendship in India’s culture norm.  In United States, they can refuse the gifts if any conflict of interests or illegal reasons. For India, they do not accept the refusing mode. It is their culture to accept gifts if invited in their houses for meals. It is widely accepted in India culture.

  In the public sector, legislators in Pennsylvania have to limit gifts to their families or friends.  Every State have their different gift rules and restrictions on what kind of gifts are.  For example, legislators are aware not to accept any reward or offers any promise of future employment based on offeror or donor including to exchange gifts in favor vote or nominate candidates for public office ( National Conference of State Legislatures,2013).  On the other hand, gift-giving can give legislators wrong ideas because it is viewed as a conflict of interest, and they do not want to be labeled to accept briberies in exchange to return the favors illegally. In the role of a legislator, it has to express the power when it comes to offer or accept a gift. They have to be careful with it. Unfortunately, gift is a reciprocation and it is part of the United States culture.  Schultz (2010) proves that “Gifting and the demand to reciprocate are learned in childhood where the return of favor for is viewed as an obligation” (p.165).

Gift-giving values are general moral obligations while principles are the ethical conditions or behaviors we expect (Gilman, 2005, p.10).  Defining gift-giving on a professional level, it is not easy to interpret clear in details. Gilman (2005) suggests, “writing a code is often viewed as a legal issue with the text issuing from the top of the government or the organization” (p. 40).  When gift giving laws developed and approved by governments, they have to communicate to each other when it comes to receiving or giving gifts clearly. Gifts can cause many misunderstandings on a professional level. Gilman (2005) supports the communication mode to be clear and organized because without communication a code, no matter how good it is, can lead to great cynicism among government officials and the public (p.42). It is challenging for legislators in United States. They have to aware of prevent the conflicts of interest if necessary to maintain their professional obligations. They are protected by the legal writing in gifts code and set a clear communication code to avoid misunderstandings.

Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least two reference…..


1. Compare and contrast the regulations about gift giving between your own place of residence and those of your colleagues.

2. Expand on your colleagues’ postings by offering another strategy for resolving any conflict your colleagues might experience between their personal, professional, and/or government ethical codes regarding gift giving.

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