No title page. Just 2 references If your last name starts with L-Z your primary post examines Moral Courage: Consider situations where a GN is taken off orientation prematurely, a physician’s order is obtained after nursing action is taken, or an omitted intervention (vital sign, medication, or treatment) is charted as having been done. You will select one set of questions to respond to after reading Kleinman or Murray, & Lachman articles that are live-linked here. Moral Courage: Dr. Kleinman (2006) believes “gradual erosion” of ethics takes place subconsciously (Ethical Drift: When good people do bad things). Drift occurs in a normally well-grounded individual outside of awareness, as a series of tiny exceptions to personal rules or moral values. Continual acceptance of the “lesser of two evils”, results in the nurse straying far off original course until disaster prompts self-examination. Do you agree with the author’s stated cause of the “ethos gap”? Why or why not? The author believes we are now practicing under very different ethical theories than ever before. Why, and do you agree? How can you develop better self-awareness in the workplace to prevent drift? Or Murray offers multiple definitions of “moral courage” in Moral Courage in Healthcare: Acting ethically even in the presence of risk. Lachman (2016) defines moral courage through the behaviors seen in resilient nurses. You may want to consider her list of quotes that place the concept of moral courage into words before composing your own definition, Moral Resilience – Lachman 2016. Compose a personal definition of moral courage. Review the list of behaviors that inhibit moral courage (Murray, linked above, provides Kidder’s 2005 list – you will see a table). Have you experienced one or more of these inhibitors? Explain your response. 3. Do you have moral courage?

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