Mitigation and Risk

Over the last several decade’s cities and states have made significant improvements in taking mitigation steps. Two mitigating strategies that an emergency manager could use are hazard identification and structural controls.

Noted in Haddow et al. (2014), the use of hazard identification was utilized when building a multi-million dollar housing edition in California. Utilizing this strategy resulted in preventing a devastating wildfire in the fall of 2007 because the builders used strict guidelines. The makers used defensible spacing, fire-resistant vegetation, and the houses were built with tile roofs and stucco walls. These mitigation actions had a positive impact when the Witch Fire blew through their area (p. 76).

According to Haddow et al. (2014), another mitigation strategy to consider is structural controls such as levees, seawalls, and jetties. These structures help safeguard coastal cities and cities that reside alongside rivers by preventing constant flooding and erosion. While these structural controls have benefits, they can also create a sense of false security as seen in the city of New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina (p. 86). (177 words)


Haddow, G. D., Bullock, J. A., & Coppola, D. P. (2014). Introduction to emergency management (5th ed.). Waltham, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.


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