1) _______ The “cell theory” was developed primarily in: A) the Roman era. B) the 17th century. C) the 19th century. D) the Middle Ages. E) Egypt.

2) ______ Galen is known as the Father of: A) medicine. B) the microscope.

C) modern anatomy. D) ancient anatomy. E) modern physiology.
3) ______ The symbol for medicine is a staff with 1-2 snakes around it. It is called the:

A) Aescalpius. B) Panacea. C) Caduceus. D) Apollowhopper. E) medical staff.
4)______ A fever is best described as a/an: A) positive feedback cycle. B) negative feedback cycle. C) control center malfunction. D) altered set point. E) receptor malfunction.

5)_______Coffee has a pH of 5 and blood has a pH of 7. Therefore, the concentration of hydrogen ions in coffee is _____ than blood. A) 100 times less B) 20 times more

C) 100 times more D) 20 times less. E) 2 times more if it is from Starbucks.
6) ________Most enzyme names have the suffix: A) -ise. B) -ase. C) -ose. D) -in

E) –didley.
7)________ Lactose, or milk sugar, is an example of a: A) dipeptide.

B) polysaccharide. C) diglyceride. D) disaccharide. E) monosaccharide.
8) ______Nipples of a human are anterior, but nipples of a cat are: A) dorsal.

B) caudal. C) ventral. D) posterior. E) trick question, cats don’t have nipples!
9) ______ Prostaglandins are a type of: A) protein. B) lipid. C) enzyme. D) nucleic acid

E) carbohydrate.
10) ________ Which plane of section could go through both eyes? A) transverse.

B) parasagittal. C) midsagittal. D) frontal. E) A & D.
11) _______The alpha helix and beta pleated sheet are examples of which level of protein organization? A) primary. B) secondary. C) tertiary. D) quaternary. E) awesome.

12) _______Water molecules interact with each other by ______ bonds: A) ionic.

B) hydrogen. C) covalent bonds. D) non-polar bonds. E) hydrophobic
13) _______Complementary strands of DNA are held together by: A) hydrogen bonds.

B) ionic bonds. C) covalent bonds. D) savings bonds. E) sugar-phosphate bonds.
14) ______ Approximately 95% of the energy needed to keep a cell alive is

generated by the activity of the: A) mitochondria. B) ribosomes.

C) nucleus. D) endoplasmic reticulum. E) tiny cans of Red Bull.
15) ______ Facilitated diffusion differs from simple diffusion in that, in the

former (Fac Dif): A) ATP is consumed. B) molecules move against a

concentration gradient. C) carrier proteins are involved. D) A & C.

16) _______ A white blood cell engulfing a bacterium is an example of: A) pinocytosis.

B) osmosis. C) exocytosis. D) phagocytosis. E) receptor mediated endocytosis.
17) ______Red blood cells will shrink in a/an: A) isotonic solution.

B) hypertonic solution. C) hypotonic solution. D) cytotonic solution.
18) _____The production of mRNA using DNA as a template is called:

A) translation. B) transcription. C) replication. D) transduction.
19) ______ During protein synthesis, amino acids are carried to ribosomes by:

A) mRNA. B) tRNA. C) rRNA. D) aaRNA. E) cRNA.
20) ______The organelle that contains many digestive enzymes is the: A) ribosome

B) mitochondria. C) lysosome. D) nucleolus. E) Golgi body.
21) ______Smooth endoplasmic reticulum: A) is the site of ATP synthesis.

B) synthesizes proteins. C) is involved in lipid metabolism D) A & B. E) B & C.
22) _____ Rough endoplasmic reticulum: A) is the site of ATP synthesis.

B) synthesizes proteins. C) is involved in lipid metabolism D) A & B. E) B & C.
23) ______The nucleolus is the site of: A) tRNA synthesis. B) protein storage.

C) all the cell’s genes. D) chromosome replication. E) rRNA synthesis.
24) ______ Initiation, elongation and termination are phases of: A) DNA replication.

B) transcription. C) mitosis. D) translation. E) every episode of Elimidate.
25) ______ When a membrane-bound vesicle in the cytoplasm fuses with the cell membrane and releases its contents to the outside, this is called: A) diffusion.

B) phagocytosis. C) endocytosis. D) exocytosis. E) pinocytosis.
26) _____ Glucose commonly enters cells by: A) co-transport with sodium B) simple diffusion. C) facilitated diffusion. D) A & B. E) A & C.

27) ______ The movement of a solute against its concentration gradient is a characteristic of:

A) osmosis. B) simple diffusion. C) active transport. D) facilitated diffusion. E) B & D.
28) ______ An anticodon would be found in: A) cRNA. B) mRNA. C) rRNA.

D) tRNA. E) the “Left Behind” novels.
29) ______ Blood, Bile, Black Bile, and Phlegm are the: A) four humors of Chinese medicine. B) four humors of Greek medicine. C) vital fluids first described by Galen. D) Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. E) WWF wrestlers.

30) ______ A base, a sugar and a phosphate are the primary components of a/an:

A) amino acid. B) nucleotide. C) saccharide. D) triglyceride. E) double-play combination of the Anaheim Angels.

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